Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Sign and Symptoms of Shock | Main Causes of Shock in Medical

What Do You Mean by Shock?
Shock is known as a life-threatening medical condition which is the result of inadequate blood flow throughout the body. Shock often accompanies severe injury or illness. Medical shock is a medical emergency condition and can lead to other situations like a heart failure (cardiac arrest), lack of oxygen in the body’s tissues (hypoxia) or organ damage. It required immediate treatment as symptoms can worsen rapidly. 

Clinical features of shock
Fig: Clinical features of shock
In shock, blood flow in the body is disturbed. The brain will not get enough blood and sudden depression of vital functions may occur. A sudden collapse of circulation is also known as shock. The impacts of shock are initially reversible but rapidly become irreversible, resulting in multi-organ failure (MOF) and death. 

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What are the Common Signs of Shock?
Various sign and symptoms of all types of shock include the followings:
  1. Rapid, shallow or gasping breathing,
  2. Cold, pale, clammy skin,
  3. Rapid but weak pulse,
  4. Dizziness or fainting,
  5. Weakness, fainting or giddiness, and discomfort,
  6. Eyes appear to stare,
  7. Pupils are dilated, lusterless of eyes,
  8. Anxiety or restlessness or agitation,
  9. Seizures,
  10. Confusion or unresponsiveness,
  11. Low or no urine output,
  12. Bluish lips and fingernails,
  13. Profuse sweating, moist skin,
  14. Shaking and trembling of arms and legs,
  15. Chest pain,
  16. Nausea, vomiting or extreme thirst,
  17. Blood pressure falls,
  18. Sunken eyes (Lusterless eyes),
  19. Shaking and trembling of arms and legs,
  20. Face pale and grey color,
  21. Occasionally cyanosis,
  22. The temperature will be subnormal,
  23. Unconsciousness maybe develop,
  24. Evidence of associated external or internal bleeding,
  25. Generally, the patient is very quiet and dustless but the shock is caused hemorrhage in which the patient will be restless and anxious.
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What are the Main Causes of Shock?
There are some common causes of shock which are listed in the following:
  1. Heart conditions (Heart attack, heart failure),
  2. Heavy internal or external bleeding like from a serious injury or rupture of a blood vessel,
  3. Dehydration, when acute or related to heat sickness,
  4. Infection (Septic shock),
  5. Severe allergic reaction (anaphylactic shock),
  6. Spinal injuries (neurogenic shock),
  7. Burns,
  8. Persistent vomiting or diarrhea,
  9. Bleeding,
  10. Anaphylaxis,
  11. Epidural hematoma,
  12. Carbon monoxide poisoning,
  13. Abdominal aortic aneurysm,
  14. Meningococcemia,
  15. Adult respiratory distress syndrome,
  16. Hereditary angioedema,
  17. Chronic poisoning,
  18. Colitis,
  19. Kwashiorkor,
  20. Caffeine overdose,
  21. Anthrax,
  22. The Plague.
More questions related to this article:
  1. What is meant by shock?
  2. What is the shock in medical?
  3. List some common symptoms of shock.
  4. What are the clinical features of shock?
  5. How will you identify a patient is in shock?
  6. Mention the etiology of shock.
  7. What are the signs of being in shock?
  8. What is the first sign of shock?
  9. What happens to your body when you go into shock?