Sunday, March 10, 2019

Shock Definition | Different Types of Shock in Medical

What is Shock in Medical?
Shock is defined as a pathophysiological state in which there is reduced oxygen consumption by the peripheral tissues produced by a reduction in the delivery of oxygenated blood or reduced oxygen extraction by the peripheral tissues. It is an acute clinical syndrome by hypo-perfusion, resulting in severe dysfunction of the organs vital survival. 
Shock types in medical
Fig: Shock types in medical
Shock is termed as a medical emergency in which the organs and tissues of the body are not receiving an adequate flow of blood. It can result in acute damage or even death.

Classification of Shock in Medical:
There are different types of shock in medical which are discussed in the below:

1. Oligemic Shock:

Oligemic shock happens when the tissues have been damaged and there is a loss of fluid or blood from the circulation. This type of shock is very commonly present in the following situations-
  • Fracture,
  • Hemorrhage,
  • Burns and scalds,
  • After a surgical operation,
  • In severe vomiting and diarrheas.
2. Neurogenic Shock:
This may happen when no specific injury has taken place but when an emotional upset has occurred. It can occur in the following circumstances-
  • In the state of fear,
  • In the state of high emotion due to bad news,
  • Due to exposure,
  • Spinal or head injury.
3. Hemorrhagic Shock:
Loss of blood due to wounds, internal bleeding, multiple trauma, and severe burns.

4. Respiratory Shock:
There is an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood due to inadequate breathing or respiratory arrest. It is very in the below situations-
  • Spinal injury,
  • Obstruction of airways,
  • Chest trauma.
5. Psychological Shock:
Something psychological affects the patient died of a loved one, accident etc.

6. Cardiac Shock:
Cardiac muscles do not pump effectively due to injury or previous heart failure. The heart muscle no longer imparts sufficient pressure to circulate the blood.

7. Metabolic Shock:
Loss of body fluid with a change in biochemical equilibrium and insulin shock diarrhea.

8. Septic Shock:
This type of shock is a serious condition that occurs when an overwhelming infection leads to low blood flow and low blood pressure.

9. Anaphylactic Shock:
Acute allergic reaction of the body to sensitize by a foreign protein.

More questions related to this article:
  1. What do you mean by shock?
  2. What do you understand by shock in medical?
  3. What is the definition of shock in medical?
  4. What are the major types of shock?
  5. What are the classifications of shock?
  6. What are the different types of shock?
  7. What is the most common type of shock?
  8. How many types of shock are there?