Wednesday, March 13, 2019

Purpose of Community Health Assessment | Health Assessment Components

Community Assessment in Public Health:
A community assessment involves an evaluation of the current situation in a community. It is a judgment of what the preferred or desired situation in that community would be and a comparison of the actual and desired situation for the purpose of prioritizing concerns. A community health assessment is generally performed early in the development of a coalition to better understand the community and to decide how the coalition might best address its concerns.

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Community health needs assessment
Fig: Community health needs assessment
Components of Community Health Assessment:
There are mainly eight components of physical assessment. Those are listed in the below:
  1. Health history,
  2. Head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat,
  3. Neurological,
  4. Cardiovascular assessment,
  5. Gastrointestinal assessment,
  6. Genitourinary assessment,
  7. Musculoskeletal assessment,
  8. Assessment of the integument.
A complete and holistic health assessment includes the following:
  • Health history,
  • Physical, psychological, social and spiritual assessment,
  • Consideration of laboratory and diagnostic test results,
  • Review of other available health information.
The principle of Community Health Assessment:
There are some key principles of community assessment which are presented in the below:
  1. Residents are one of the best experts on the community in which they live.
  2. All the residents have abilities, skills, and talents that they can contribute to the community.
  3. A potent community is created upon the resources and talents of its members.
Different Purposes of Community Assessment:
A community health assessment can be very effective in mobilizing a community to action as it ascertains and matches the skills of community members with the resources of organizations. A community health assessment can also be utilized to do the following:
  • Create a coalition action plan.
  • Establish objectives for a program or intervention.
  • Select the strategies to use in a program or intervention.
  • For evaluating progress in the community, establish a baseline.
  • Ascertain new strategies, ideas, partners and resources that can be used in working toward a common goal.
More questions related to this article:
  1. What is community assessment in public health?
  2. Define the community assessment.
  3. What are the components of community health assessment?
  4. What are the common components of health assessment?
  5. List the principles of community assessment.
  6. What are the purposes of community assessment?
  7. What is the purpose of a community needs assessment?
  8. Why is community assessment important?
  9. What are the key components of the community assessment process?
  10. What is the purpose of a needs assessment?
  11. What community does health need assessment?
  12. What are the components of a patient assessment?
  13. What is a physical health assessment?