Friday, March 8, 2019

How to Detect Breast Cancer | Risk Factors for Breast Cancer

What is Breast Screening?
Breast screening plays an important role too early diagnosis of breast cancer. Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and the incidence is rising. Early detection and treatment have resulted in incident survival rates. Screening for breast cancer has a favorable effect on mortality from breast cancer. 
Breast cancer detection techniques
Fig: Breast cancer detection techniques
Breast Cancer Detection Techniques:
The basic techniques for early detection of breast cancer are presented in the below:
  • Self-examination of the breast (BSF),
  • Palpation by the physician,
  • Thermography,
  • Mammography.
All women should be encouraged to perform breast self-examination although the effectiveness of breast self-examination (BSF) has not been adequately quantified. It is a useful technique for early case detection. In many countries, breast self-examination (BSF) will probably be the only feasible approach to wide population coverage for a long time to come. Through regular monthly self-examination of the breast (BSF) and women learn to recognize her normal findings, which help her detect changes if they occur. Every woman who has begun to menstruate should know the correct way to perform breast self-examination (BSF).

What is the Risk of Breast Cancer in Females?
All the risk factors of breast cancer have listed in the following:
  1. Gender (100 times more common in women),
  2. Age (Risk increases with increasing age),
  3. Genetics,
  4. The family history of breast cancer,
  5. Personal history of breast cancer,
  6. Early menarche and late menopause,
  7. No natural children,
  8. Born of the first child to mother older than age 30,
  9. Oral children use (Slight risk),
  10. Regular alcohol intake, especial with two to five drinks daily,
  11. Higher education and socioeconomic status,
  12. Previous breast irradiation hormone replacement therapy with progesterone.
Possible Risk Factors for Breast Cancer:
It includes-
  • Taller height,
  • Height waist to hip ration,
  • Height-fat-diet,
  • The low number of births,
  • No breastfeeding,
  • Low level of physical activity.
Risk Factors for Mortality:
It includes-
  • No (or poor) breast self-examination (BSF),
  • Poor screening (Physical examination or mammography).
What are the Precautions to be Taken to Avoid Breast Cancer?
There are some key ways to decrease breast cancer risks which are presented in the below:
  1. Not delaying pregnancy until 30 years of age,
  2. Breastfeeding,
  3. Performing monthly breast self-examination (BSF),
  4. Following the American Cancer Society Guidelines for clinical evaluation and mammography,
  5. Arduous exercise especially not only in youth but also in adulthood,
  6. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NASID) therapy (may have a protective effect),
  7. Limit drinking alcohol,
  8. Control your weight,
  9. Do not smoke,
  10. Breast-feed,
  11. Be physically active,
  12. Limit the dose and duration of hormone therapy,
  13. Avoid exposure to radiation and environmental pollution.
More questions related to this article:
  1. What do you mean by breast screening?
  2. List the techniques uses for detection of breast cancer.
  3. What are the techniques for early detection of breast cancer?
  4. What are the common risk factors for developing breast cancer?
  5. Identify the risk factors of breast cancer.
  6. List the precaution for risk of breast cancer.
  7. What are the ways to decrease breast cancer?
  8. Mention the importance of early detection of breast cancer.
  9. How is early breast cancer detected?
  10. What new diagnostic methods are being explored to detect breast cancer?
  11. What is the most accurate test for breast cancer?
  12. Why is the early detection of breast cancer important?
  13. What are the precautions should be taken to avoid breast cancer?
  14. Why does the risk of developing breast cancer increase with age?
  15. How are most breast cancers detected?