Wednesday, December 5, 2018

What is Management | 5 Steps of Management Process

What is meant by Management Process?
According to George R. Terry, management is a distinct process consisting of planning, organizing, actuating and controlling performance to determine and accomplish objectives by the use of people and resources.

Management is totally concerned with seeing that the job gets. Its tasks center on planning and guiding the operations of an enterprise, according to E.F.L Brech. 
Management Process
Fig: Management Process
According to Stanley Vane, management is the simple process of decision making and control over the actions of human beings for the express purpose of attaining predetermined goals.

Management is that task or function of an enterprise which concerns itself with the direction and control of various activities attains business objectives, according to Spriegel.

Management consists of getting things done through others. A manager is that person who attains the targets by directing the efforts of others, according to S. George.

5 Principles of Management Process:
At first, Henry Fayol identified the functions of management like planning, organization, command, coordination, and control. Later, Luther expanded these functions or activities by introducing two more activities in addition. Those are planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, reporting and budgeting.

All these are again recognized by clubbing reporting and coordinating under the component of control and classified as five major elements or steps in the management process. Those are listed in the following: 

  1. Planning,
  2. Organizing,
  3. Staffing,
  4. Directing,
  5. Controlling.

All the above elements or steps of the management process have discussed in the below:

1. Planning:
Planning is preparing a blueprint. Planning mentions to thinking ahead of time and formulation of preliminary thoughts. In another word, it is a continuous intellectual process of determining philosophy, objectives, policies, procedures and rules and standards, long and short-term projected outcomes and fiscal course of actions and managing planned change. This is the preliminary and most important step in the management process.

2. Organizing:
It is establishing the structure to carry out the plans. Determine the most appropriate type of patient care delivery in a health agency or educational programs in an institution. In simple, it is grouping the activities to meet its goal. Other functions involve- working within the structure of an organization, using power and authority appropriately and understanding.

3. Staffing:
It is a process of assigning competent people to fill the appropriate nursing roles in an institution, designated for the organizational structure through hiring & orienting staff, recruitment & selection of staff, staff scheduling, staff development activities, and staffing often becomes part of organizing. Example: appointment of a Dean for the college of nursing, nursing superintendent for a hospital or a head nurse for a hospital unit.

4. Directing:
It is a process of involving many human resource management responsibilities such as motivating, communicating, managing a conflict, facilitating, collaborating and coordinating the team.

5. Controlling:
It is an ongoing process to ensure that the activities of an institution or organization adhere to the plan. It includes performance appraisal, quality assurance, and fiscal accountability, legal, ethical and professional control.

More questions related to this article:
  1. What do you mean by management?
  2. Define management.
  3. What are the elements of the management process in nursing?
  4. What are the functions of the management process?
  5. Describe various ways of the management process.
  6. What are the steps in management process?
  7. Describe the steps in the management.
  8. What do you mean by management and its function?
  9. What are the five basic functions of the management process?
  10. What are the 5 principles of management?
  11. What are the 5 management theories?
  12. What is the most important function of management?