Monday, December 10, 2018

6 Types of Care Facilities within Health Care Delivery System

What is the Health Care Delivery System?
Health care delivery system or healthcare system is the organization of people, intuitions and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.

There is a wide range of health system around the world with as many histories and organizational structures as there are nations. Implicitly, nations must design and develop health systems according to their needs and resources, although common elements in virtually all the health systems are primary healthcare and public health measures. 
Health care delivery system
Fig: Health care delivery system
Health care system planning is distributed among the market participants in some countries. In other, there is a concerted effort among governments, trade unions, charities, religious organizations or other coordinating bodies to deliver planned health care services targeted to the populations they serve. Sometimes, health care planning has been explained as often evolutionary rather than revolutionary.

List of Care Facilities within Health Care Delivery System:
There are mainly six types of health care facilities within the health care delivery system. Those are listed in the following:

  1. Acute care,
  2. Sub-acute care,
  3. Chronic care,
  4. Rehabilitation care,
  5. Ambulatory care (Outpatient care),
  6. Home health care.

All the above types of health care facilities have discussed in the below:

1. Acute Care:
It is a field of secondary health care where a patient receives active but short-term treatment for a severe injury or episode of sickness, an urgent medical condition or during recovery from surgery. In the case of medical terms, care for acute health conditions is the opposite from long-term care or chronic care.

Acute care is provided in the patient settings such as in hospital, clinic, emergency room, health center. Acute care involves the care of the patient in an acute condition e.g. acute appendicitis, acute abdomen, perforation, high temperature, severe bleeding.

2. Sub-Acute Care:
It is a level of care needed by a patient who does not require hospital acute care but who requires more intensive skilled nursing care that is provided to the majority of patients in a skilled nursing facility.

It is also provided in the patient settings. When the acute condition moderately subsides is termed as a sub-acute condition.

3. Chronic Care:
Facilities have described institutions such as nursing homes, convalescent homes, some residential institution, whose primary purpose is to care for people with chronic illness and physical impairment. The chronic care is focused on who do not need hospitalization but who are unable to care for themselves.

4. Rehabilitation Care:
The aim of rehabilitation is to maintain or maximized remaining function. Another object of it is the restore individuals to their forms level of functioning. Rehabilitation is carried out in all health care settings by a variety of health care professionals with the active involvement.

5. Ambulatory Care:
Most of the ambulatory care centers have diagnostic and treatment facilities providing medical, nursing, and radiological and laboratory services. Some ambulatory care centers provide services to people who require minor surgical procedures that can be performed outside the hospital.

The client returns home after surgery, often the same day. They permit the client to live at home while obtaining necessary health care and they free costly hospital beds for seriously ill clients.

6. Home Health Care:
Home care derived to persons at home who are recovering from illness are desirable or chronically or terminally ill and need various services to progress, maintain function services to manage health care needed at home care involves the team of multidisciplinary professional including:

a. Social Worker:
Social worker advises the clients and support persons regarding social problems such as finances, marital difficulties, and adoption of children. Finding a more suitable living arrangement can be the responsibility of the social worker.

b. Physical Therapist:
Physical therapists treat movement dysfunctions by means of heat, water, exercise, massage, and electric current. The physical therapist function includes assessing client mobility and strength, providing therapeutic measures. Some physical therapists provide their services in hospitals.

c. Occupational Therapist:
Occupational therapists might teach a man with serve arthritis in his arms and hands how to adjust his kitchen utensils so that he can continue to cook. The occupational therapist teaches skills that are therapeutic and at the same time provide some fulfillment. Also exercises the arthritic man’s arms and hands.