Tuesday, December 25, 2018

First Degree Burn | Second Degree Burn | Third Degree Burn

What is First Degree Burn?
Skin is generally red and very painful in case of first degree burns. It includes only the outer layer of the skin and the epidermis.

Sign and Symptoms of First Degree Burns:
All the clinical features of first degree burns have listed in the below:

  1. Swelling and redness of the injuries area,
  2. Injuries are superficial or mild,
  3. No blister is seen,
  4. Pain develops,
  5. The burned area becomes white on touch,
  6. It takes 3-6days to heal.

Treatment of First Degree Burns:
Some important first aid or treatment of first degree burns are-

  1. Remove the patient from the heat source,
  2. Remove the burnt clothing,
  3. Run cool water over the burnt area,
  4. Gently clean the injured area,
  5. Gently dry,
  6. Apply antibiotic such as silver sulphadiazine,
  7. Use a sterile bandage to cover burns,
  8. Send the victim to the nearest hospital as soon as possible,
  9. Take tetanus vaccination if required.
Different types of burns
Fig: Different types of burns
What is Second Degree Burn?
The burn site appears blistered, red and may be swollen and painful in case of second-degree burns. It involves the epidermis and part of the dermis layer of the skin.

Sign and Symptoms of Second Degree Burns:
All the clinical features of second-degree burns have presented in the following:

  1. Swelling, redness, and pain observed,
  2. Burns extend to middle skin layer, dermis,
  3. Blisters develop that ooze a clear fluid,
  4. Dehydration may occur,
  5. The burnt area may turn while on touch,
  6. Scars may develop,
  7. Restrict movement,
  8. Healing time varies, depends on the extent of the injury.

Treatment of Second Degree Burns:
Some useful first aid or treatment of second-degree burns are-

  1. Clean the affected area thoroughly,
  2. Gently dry,
  3. Apply antibiotic over the affected area,
  4. Make the patient lie down,
  5. Keep burnt body part at a raised level,
  6. Skin grafting may be required,
  7. Physical therapy may be essential to aid mobility,
  8. Splints may be used to rest affected joints,
  9. Hospitalization is essential.

What is Third Degree Burn?
All the layers of the skin are destroyed in case of third-degree burns. It extends into the subcutaneous tissues.

Sign and Symptoms of Third Degree Burns:
The clinical features of third-degree burns have listed in the below:

  1. Damage occurs to all the three skin layers,
  2. Destroys adjacent hair follicles sweat glands, nerve endings,
  3. Lack of pan due to destroyed nerves,
  4. Injuries area does not turn while on touch,
  5. No blisters observed,
  6. Swelling occurs,
  7. The skin develops lathery texture,
  8. Discoloration of skin observed,
  9. Scars develop,
  10. Crusty surfaces (Eschar) develop impairs circulation,
  11. Dehydration occurs resulting in shock,
  12. The symptom may worsen with time,
  13. Disfigurement may result,
  14. Healing depends on the extent of the injury,
  15. 90% body surface injury results in death,
  16. 60% injury in elderly, fatal.

Treatment of Third Degree Burns:
Some necessary first aid or treatment of third-degree burns are-

  1. Required immediate hospital care,
  2. Dehydration treated through intravenous fluid supply,
  3. Oxygen is administered,
  4. Eschars are surgically opened,
  5. Periodically run clean cool water over burns,
  6. A nutritious diet helps to heal quickly,
  7. Regular monitoring essential,
  8. Mental depression treated by an anti-depressant.