Monday, December 24, 2018

List of Community Health Problems in Bangladesh

What is Community?
“Community” term mentions to a collection of people who interlude with one another and whose common characteristics or interests form the basis for a sense of belonging or unity. The community can be a society of people holding common rights and privileges as a citizen of a town, sharing common interests as a community of fanners or living under the same rules and regulations.

What is Community Health?
It is one of the major fields of study within the medical and clinical sciences that focuses on the maintenance, protection, and improvement of the health status of population groups and the communities as opposed to the health of lone or individual patients. 
Community health care in Bangladesh
Fig: Community health care in Bangladesh
Community health is defined as meeting collective needs by identifying problems and managing interactions within the community and larger society.

Characteristics of Community Health:
There are some key characteristics of community health which are listed in the below:

  1. Community health covers all the aspects of public health, social medicine, and preventive medicine.
  2. It is a major field of study.
  3. It focuses on meeting collective needs by identifying problems.
  4. It focuses on curative, preventive, promotive and rehabilitative services.
  5. It focuses to promote physical and social well-being of the people.
  6. It's a purpose for the improvement of the health status of population groups and communities.
  7. Essential community participation present.

Common Community Health Problems in Bangladesh:
There are so many health Bangladesh faced by the community people of Bangladesh. Those are listed in the below:

Common Health Problems in Rural Area:
It includes- 

  1. Worm infestation,
  2. Malnutrition,
  3. Acute respiratory infections (ARIs),
  4. Kala-azar,
  5. Anemia,
  6. Leprosy,
  7. Skin infections,
  8. Diarrhea,
  9. Tuberculosis,
  10. Malaria.

Common Health Problems in Urban Area:
It includes- 

  • Air pollution,
  • Hypertension,
  • Dengue fever,
  • Drug addiction,
  • Heart disease,
  • Cancer,
  • Sound pollution,
  • Diabetes,
  • Sexually transmitted disease (STD).

Communicable Diseases:
It includes-

  1. Tuberculosis,
  2. Malaria,
  3. Warm infestation,
  4. Enteric fever,
  5. Diarrheal disease,
  6. Hepatitis,
  7. Dysentery,
  8. Acute respiratory infections (ARIs).

Non-communicable Diseases:
It includes- 

  • Medical and surgical problems,
  • Nutritional problems:
  • Nutritional anemia,
  • Low birth weight,
  • Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM),
  • Xerophthalmia (Nutritional blindness).

More questions related to this article:
  1. Define community?
  2. What do you mean by community?
  3. What do you mean by community health?
  4. Define community health.
  5. What are the major characteristics of community health?
  6. Mention some key characteristics of community health.
  7. What are the major community health problems in Bangladesh?
  8. What are the common communicable diseases in Bangladesh?
  9. What are the common non-communicable diseases in Bangladesh?
  10. What are the common health problems in rural areas of Bangladesh?
  11. What are the major health problems in urban areas of Bangladesh?