Wednesday, November 14, 2018

Tonsillitis Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Complications

What is Tonsillitis?
Tonsillitis is known as the inflammation of the tonsils which is typical of rapid onset. Symptoms of tonsillitis disease may represent a sore throat, fever, enlargement of the tonsils, trouble swallowing and large lymph nodes around the neck. It is usually caused by viral infection or less commonly a bacterial infection. On the other word, inflammation of tonsil is termed as tonsillitis. 
Tonsillitis disease
Fig: Tonsillitis disease
Types of Tonsillitis Disease:
There are mainly two types of tonsillitis disease. One is acute tonsillitis and the other one is chronic tonsillitis.

Acute Tonsillitis includes- 

  1. Catarrhal tonsillitis,
  2. Follicular tonsillitis,
  3. Parenchytnatous tonsillitis,
  4. Peritonsillar abscess (quinsy).

Causes of Tonsillitis Disease:
There are some common causes of tonsillitis disease which are listed in the below: 

  1. Group-A beta-hemolytic streptococci,
  2. Adenovirus,
  3. H. influenzae,
  4. Rhinovirus,
  5. Coronavirus,
  6. A respiratory syncytial virus,
  7. Epstein-Barr virus,
  8. Herpes simplex virus,
  9. Cytomegalovirus.

Symptoms of Tonsillitis Disease:
All the symptoms of tonsillitis disease have pointed out in the following: 

  1. Fever,
  2. A sore throat,
  3. Trouble swallowing,
  4. Enlargement of the tonsils,
  5. Large lymph nodes around the neck.

Clinical Features of Tonsillitis Disease: 

Clinical Features of Acute Tonsillitis Disease:
It includes- 

  1. Painful swallowing with fever.
  2. Abrupt onset of pain in the throat which may radiate to the ears.
  3. Tonsils look markedly red and congested.
  4. The false membrane may develop in follicular tonsillitis.
  5. Shivering and convulsions may occur especially in younger children.
  6. Anterior cervical glands may be enlarged and become tender.

Clinical Features of Chronic Tonsillitis Disease:
It includes- 

  1. Tiredness,
  2. A recurrent sore throat,
  3. Vomiting,
  4. Abdominal pain,
  5. Poor food intake,
  6. Bad smell in the breath,
  7. Dryness and irritation in the throat. 

Complications of Tonsillitis Disease:
Swelling or Inflammation of the tonsils from frequent or ongoing (chronic) tonsillitis may cause complications. Such as: 

  1. Disrupted breathing during sleep (Obstructive sleep apnea),
  2. Difficulty in breathing,
  3. Failure of thriving,
  4. Diphtheria,
  5. Infection which expanse deep into surrounding tissue (Tonsillar cellulitis),
  6. Oral thrush,
  7. Infection which outcomes in a collection of pus behind a tonsil (peritonsillar abscess).

Risk Factors of Tonsillitis Disease:
Risk factors of tonsillitis disease may vary from age to age. It is explained in the below:

Risk Factors of Tonsillitis Disease at Young Age:

Most of the time It has seen that tonsillitis disease occurs in children but rarely in those younger than age 2. Tonsillitis disease caused but bacteria is most common in children ages 5 to 15, while viral tonsillitis disease is more common in young child.

Frequent Exposure to Germs:
Children who are school-age are in very close contact with their peers and frequently exposed to viruses or bacteria that can cause tonsillitis.

More questions related to this topic:
  1. Define tonsillitis disease.
  2. What do you mean by tonsillitis?
  3. What is the classification of tonsillitis disease?
  4. What are the major causes of tonsillitis disease?
  5. What are the common reasons for tonsillitis disease?
  6. Describe the clinical features of tonsillitis disease.
  7. What are the complications of tonsillitis disease?
  8. Explain the risk factors of tonsillitis disease.
  9. What causes tonsillitis?