Saturday, November 24, 2018

Pneumonia Symptoms | Medical Management of Pneumonia Disease

What is Pneumonia Disease?
Pneumonia disease is an infection which enrages the air sacs in one lung or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (Purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty in breathing. There are various types of organisms i.e. bacteria, fungi and viruses can cause pneumonia disease. 
Pneumonia disease symptoms
Fig: Pneumonia disease symptoms
Pneumonia diseases can extent in seriousness from mild to life-threatening. This type of pneumonia disease is most serious for infants and young children, people older than age 65 and people with problems or weakened immune systems.

Sign and Symptoms of Pneumonia Disease:
All the sign and symptoms of pneumonia disease have pointed out in the below:

  1. Fever: sudden onset, high fever, usually associated with rigor and vomiting.
  2. Chest pain: Pleuritic chest pain. It is occasionally referred to the shoulder or anterior abdominal wall.
  3. A cough: short, painful, at first dry, later become productive and may become rust-colored or even frankly blood stain.
  4. Dyspnea.
  5. Loss of appetite and headache.
  6. Tachycardia,
  7. Pyrexia,
  8. Tachypnea,
  9. Cyanosis,
  10. Hypotension,
  11. Confusion.

Medical Management of Pneumonia:
Medical Management of Pneumonia for age 2 months to 5 years:

1. Advice the mother on home care:

a. Feed the child:
It includes-
  • Feed the child during illness.
  • Increase feeding after the illness.
  • Clear the nose if it interferes with feeding.

b. Increase fluids:
It includes-

  • Offer the child extra to drink.
  • Increase breastfeeding.

c. Give referral knowledge to mother:
Return the child when-

  • Breathing becomes fast.
  • Breathing becomes difficult.
  • No able to drink.
  • The child becomes sicker.

d. Sooth the throat and relieve a cough with a safe remedy (Like honey, lemon juice).

2. Antibiotic therapy for 5 days duration:

  • Anyone of the following can be given the below medicine.
  • Cotrimoxazole- Two times daily for 5 days (Oral).
  • Amoxicillin- Three times daily for 5 days (Oral).
  • Ampicillin- Four times daily for 5 days (Oral).

3. Treatment of fever:
It includes-

  • If high (>39°C) - Paracetamol.
  • If not high (38°C-39°C) – Advice the mother to provide more fluid.
  • Fever for more than five days: Refer for assessment.


4. Rx of wheezing: Oral salbutamol.

5. Advice the mother to return the child in 2 days for reassessment.

More questions related to this topic:
  1. What do you mean by pneumonia disease?
  2. How do you feel when you have pneumonia?
  3. What are the early signs of pneumonia disease?
  4. What are the symptoms of pneumonia in the child?
  5. List some pneumonia symptoms in kids.
  6. List some common pneumonia symptoms in babies.
  7. How to prevent pneumonia in babies?
  8. What is the best treatment for pneumonia?
  9. What is the fastest way to cure pneumonia?
  10. What is the best antibiotic to treat pneumonia?
  11. Which Antibiotics treat pneumonia?
  12. Discuss about pneumonia treatment guidelines.