Wednesday, November 14, 2018

10 Key Principles of Pediatric Nursing

What is Pediatric in Nursing?
The term “pediatrics” is derived from the Greek words “Pedia” means child, “iatrike” means treatment and “ics” means the branch of science. Thus, pediatric means the science of child care and scientific treatment of childhood diseases. Pediatrics is synonymous with the child health.

In another way, pediatric can be defined as the branch of medical science that deals with the care of children from conception to adolescence in health and illness. It is concerned with the preventive, curative, promotive and rehabilitative care of the children. 
Principles of a pediatric nurse
Fig: Principles of a pediatric nurse
What is Pediatric Nursing?
Pediatric nursing can be defined as the nursing care of children from birth to adolescence. It covers the psychological and clinical view of nursing care.

This branch of nursing concerned with the care of infants and children. Pediatric nursing requires knowledge of normal psychomotor, psychological and cognitive growth and development as well as of the health problems and needs of people in this age group.

Pediatric nursing is the indefinite field of nursing practice regarding the care of children during illness and wellness. It includes promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative care of children. It emphasizes the all-round development of body mind and spirit of the growing individual. Thus, pediatric nursing involves in giving assistance, care, and support to the growing and developing children to achieve their individual potential for functioning with the fullest capacity.

Major Principles of Pediatric Nurse:
There are some key principles of pediatric nurse which are presented in the below:
  1. The pediatric nurse should accept the parents and their children exactly as they are.
  2. The nurse should have sympathy for the children and parents.
  3. The nurse should commence making a working environment or relationship with the parents and their children from the time of the first contact with them.
  4. The nurse must be willing to acknowledge the parents’ rights to the decision concerning their children.
  5. The nurse should speak in the language which the parents and child can understand.
  6. The nurse should be aware that all the behaviors of the child are meaningful.
  7. The nurse should permit the parents and their children to express their emotions and even negative emotions.
  8. The pediatric nurse should ask different questions limited to a single idea or reference so that it is easy for the parents and child to understand what is being asked.
  9. The members of the health team must make the parents feel that they are working in a collaborative manner for the treatment of their child.
  10. The nurse should let the parents and children knowing that their problems are important and then the nurse is there to aid in the solution of those problems.