Monday, November 12, 2018

Different Types of Mortality Rates | Mortality Rate Formula

Definition of Mortality:
Mortality is the term which is used for the number of people who died within a population. It directs to the incidence of death or the no. of deaths in a population.

Various Types of Mortality Rates:
All the mortality rates have discussed in the below:

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR):
Infant mortality rate is defined as the rate of infant death registered in a given years to the total number of live births registered in the same year, usually expressed as a rate per 1000 live births. It is given by the formula.

Infant Mortality Rate Calculation Formula:

Infant mortality rate (IMR), 

          No. of deaths under one year of age in an area during a year
= ……………………………………………………………………………............................. × 1000
                   No. of live births in the same area and same year

Infant mortality rate (IMR) = 57/1000 live birth.
Different mortality rates
Fig: Different mortality rates
Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR):
The ratio of neonatal deaths in a given year to the total number of live births in the same year. Neonatal mortality rate is generally presented as a rate per 1000.

Neonatal Mortality Rate Calculation Formula:

Neonatal mortality rate (NMR),

     No. of deaths of children under 28 days of age in a year
= …………………………………………………………………….........................…. × 1000
                      Total live births in the same year

Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) = 30/1000 live birth.

Post-neonatal Mortality Rate:
The ratio of post-neonatal, paths in a given year to the total number of live births in the same year.

Post-neonatal Mortality Rate Calculation Formula:

Post-neonatal mortality rate = 133/1000 live birth.

Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR):
It is the number of deaths of mother from pregnancy, delivery and puerperal causes during a calendar year per thousand of childbirth.

Maternal Mortality Rate Calculation Formula:
Maternal mortality rate (MMR), 

     (Total no. of female deaths of mother due to complications of pregnancy, child birth or within 6 weeks of delivery from “puerperal cause” in an area during a given year)
= ………………………………………………………………………....................................................................................………………… × 1000
                                 Total no. of live births in the same area in that year

According to WHO, maternal mortality rate (MMR) in Bangladesh was 24011 in the year 2010.

More questions related this article:

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  3. What is mortality rate?
  4. Explain various types of mortality rate.
  5. Describe the classification of mortality rate.
  6. How to calculate mortality rate?