Prevention of Childhood Health Problems | Childhood Illness Symptoms

Child Health in Developing Countries:
Childhood health is developing day by day in developing countries. Earlier 2000, it was too worse for the children to sustain in this world due to lack of health service providing facilities. They have to face different types of problems i.e. nutritional problems, eye problem, dental problem, ear and throat infections, skin disease, parasitic infections, communicable disease, mental problem, psychological problems etc. Now, times are changing and the children enjoy various types of facilities. This article presents some common symptoms of childhood illness and preventive ways of those. 
Childhood health problems prevention
Fig: Childhood health problems prevention
List of Common Childhood Illness Symptoms:
The below symptoms are the common symptoms of childhood illness.

  1. Headache,
  2. Nausea and vomiting,
  3. Fever,
  4. Sore throat,
  5. Abdominal pain,
  6. Swollen lymph glands,
  7. Excessive drooling (in young children),
  8. Malaise (tired),
  9. Diarrhea,
  10. Rash,
  11. Cough.

8 Ways to Prevent Child Health Problems:
There are eight major ways to prevent childhood health problems which are listed in the following:

  1. Prenatal nutrition,
  2. Prevention of infection,
  3. Breastfeeding,
  4. Family planning,
  5. Sanitation,
  6. Primary health care,
  7. Socio-economic development,
  8. National health program.

All the eight major ways to prevent childhood health problems have discussed in the below:

1. Prenatal Nutrition:
Supplementation of mother’s diet helps in improving the birth weight of babies thereby helping in reducing neonatal mortality.

2. Prevention of Infection:
Immunization is the best way of preventing infectious diseases which take a heavy toll of life in children. The vaccine-preventable diseases are-TB, Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, measles, hepatitis, meningitis etc.

3. Breastfeeding:
The most effective measure of lowering infant mortality is breastfeeding which provides passive immunity to infants.

4. Family Planning:
Infant mortality increases as birth order increases. Limiting the family size and spacing of children is effective in lowering infant mortality rate.

5. Sanitation:
Adequate sanitation and safe drinking water facilitate have a significant positive impact on the health of society including mothers and children. It helps in lowering mortality due to diarrhea, vomiting, respiratory infections, hepatitis, dengue etc.

6. Primary Health Care:
Provision of primary health care for high-risk pregnant females and babies will help in lowering mortality and morbidity rate.

7. Socio-Economic Development:
Infant mortality rate (IMR) and PMR can be effectively lowered by uplifting the socio-economic condition of the country that includes increasing female literacy.

8. National Health Program:
Proper planning and implementation health-related activities and immunization program.

More question related to this article:
  1. Describe preventive measures to decrease childhood health problems.
  2. How can we prevent childhood disease and illness?
  3. Mention some common childhood illnesses signs and symptoms and actions to take.
  4. What are the ways to prevent childhood health problems?
  5. How to avoid common childhood health problems?
  6. How to prevent childhood illness and disease?
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