Thursday, November 15, 2018

List of Major Child Health Problems in Bangladesh

Child Health in Bangladesh:
Child health developments in Bangladesh have brought a significant change in the last few decades. The mortality rate in children under five declined from 152 deaths per 1000 live births to 94 deaths per 1000 live births. These rates are still high and have remained constant for several years. Pneumonia, diarrhea, measles, malnutrition, injuries and the high number of neonatal deaths and poor care-seeking behavior, all contribute to the high levels of child mortality. 
Childhood health problems in Bangladesh
Fig: Childhood health problems in Bangladesh
The ministry of health and family welfare has, for the last decade, implemented several vertical programs-centrally organized services focused on single issues such as the control of diarrheal diseases (CDD) and the control of acute respiratory infections (ARI). From 1998, though, the government started to adopt a more holistic, sector-wide approach to implementing the programs.

The child health program promotes the rights of children to survival and well-being through interventions under four categories:
  1. Expanded program on immunization (EPI),
  2. Control of diarrheal diseases (CDD),
  3. Control of acute respiratory infections (ARI),
  4. Integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI).

List of Common Childhood Disease in Bangladesh:
The list of common childhood disease or problems is classified into two parts. One is an acute health problem and another one is a chronic health problem. 

a. Acute Health Problem:
It includes-

1. Nutritional problem:
  • Low birth weight,
  • Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) i.e. kwashiorkor and marasmus.
  • Vitamin-A deficiency disorder (VADD) i.e. night blinders and xerophthalmia.
2. Eye problem (Conjunctivitis),
3. Dental problem,
4. Ear and throat infections (Otitis, sore throat, tonsillitis, bronchitis)
5. Skin disease (Scabies, ringworm),
6. Parasitic infections i.e. hookworm infection, measles, diarrhea, tuberculosis etc.
7. Communicable diseases i.e. measles, mumps, whooping cough, diarrhea, chicken pox, tuberculosis etc.
8. Mental problem i.e. feeble minded idiots, mental retardation.
9. Psychological problems i.e. phobia, maternal deprivation, emotional deprivation, maladjusted children etc.

b. Chronic Health Problem:
It includes-

  • Cerebral palsy,
  • Asthma,
  • Sickle cell anemia,
  • AIDS,
  • Cystic fibrosis,
  • Epilepsy,
  • Diabetes,
  • Cancer.

List of Common Nutritional Problems in Infants:
The below list presents some major or common nutritional problems in infants and also in public health. 

  1. Low birth weight,
  2. Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) i.e. marasmus and kwashiorkor.
  3. Vitamin-A deficiency disorder (VADD) i.e. xerophthalmia, night blinders and total blindness.
  4. Nutritional anaemia i.e. iron deficiency anaemia and folate & vit-B 12 deficiency anaemia.
  5. Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) i.e. goiter.
  6. Neurolathyrism i.e. khesari dhal intoxication.
  7. Endemic fluorosis i.e. lack of fluoride, dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis, genu valgum.

More questions related to this article:
  1. Describe some common health problems of children in Bangladesh.
  2. Mention some major nutritional problems of children in Bangladesh.
  3. Describe the child health situation in Bangladesh.
  4. Point out some major child health problems in Bangladesh.